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[雅思写作] 雅思大作文30篇范文分析PDF下载

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发表于 2016-4-22 18:21:09 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 兔子q 于 2016-6-7 18:16 编辑

本帖每天大家更新一篇雅思大作文范文贴,和正在备考的小伙伴们共勉。雅思作文不同于口语,口语临时发挥的成分要多一些,作文真的是要靠积累,没有积累写作就无话可说,我的建议每天背诵一片范文,不要求每句都背熟但是要学会灵活运用。

全球化的缺点:  

• 经济上,发展中国家的劳动力被剥削,资源被取用,而产品却不能够进人发达国家,国内产业受到外商和外企的冲击;
•社会上,外国的产品流人一个国家,会改变人们的生活习惯和购买习惯;年轻人比较喜欢外同产品,比如说食品、衣服、电子产品和娱乐方式;   
• 文化上,本土文化会被削弱,本土语言会受到威胁,文化多样性会逐步损失;   
• 环境上,工业化生产和交通量的加大会增加温室气体的排放;游人的增多会对自然环境构成威胁。   

Topic 1: Increasing travels between countries enable people to learn different cultures or to increase tension between people from different countries?   

外来人口的增加有利于文化的交流:

• 游客或者移民都具备经济利益和价值(commercial interest and economic value); 而外同人的停留时间是和东道国的合作密切相关的(The length of stay depends on the cooperation of the host society.);很多当地人因此表现得非常好客和友好,这有助于文化的交流(Many local people are very friendly and hospitable, which promote the cultural communications.);  

• 对其他的文化和人民更为了解(a better understanding of other cultures and other peoples),改变人们对其他民族和文化的态度(alter one's attitudes towards another people or culture);人们因此可以接受不同的文化和价值观(embrace different values and cultures),可以和平共处(create motivation to coexist peacefully), 并促进对"多元文化的理解 (promote multi-cultural understanding);

• 促进文化的融合(promote integration),消除文化障碍(remove cultural barriers), 外来人口的增加导致冲突: • 违反当地的习俗会激怒当地人(breach of local customs can irritate the locals);  

• 不同文化的人看待同一事物总有不同的角度(harbour different perceptions),并给予不同的解释(different interpretations),比如对手势、衣服、言行举止有不同的理解;举止不当会引起当地人意想不到的反应(provoke unanticipated responses); •外国游客增多会对当地环境造成压力,甚至破坏环境,而移民增多可能导致工作机会减少,致使竞争更加激烈,这些都有可能引起当地人的反感(cause resentment in local communities).

范文  

    Globalization is a catch-all term that refers to any activity that involves more than one country, for example, travel from one country to another. The dramatic increase in transnational travel in recent years has sparked controversy over the potential impacts of this trend on individual countriesf especially those new member states of globalization. Some people are concerned that the upsurge in new arrivals will prompt local hostility against visitors instead of promoting their understanding on mutual cultural background. This notion should be rejected as one can see many facts in favor of this development between countries. The first reason why international travels would never bring conflict is rooted in the fact that both visitors and locals are economically motivated. International travel opens up opportunities for business development throughout the world. Entrepreneurs are interested not only in the domestic market but also in the oversea market. Foreigners should learn the culture of a country before winning over the local people. In turn, locals should show their hospitality to visitors in exchange for their trust. They share a view that acceptance of each other's cultural background is a necessary condition for cooperation.

   Understanding a culture has other implications. Differences in social background, cultural values and religious belief might make the discrepancy of foreigners and local inhabitants on some issues indelible; however, the higher interaction, the higher level of communication and understanding. Arabians, for example, used to consider westerners as their foes. Now they have concrete relations with their western allies in many fields. In the initial stage, their divergence seemed inherent but over time, with better mutual understanding, they take the same position on many issues.   

    Undeniably, it is likely that in some resorts, foreign visitors repel the local community with their scant regard for the local environment and conventions when they first arrive. However, it should be noted that most offense is accidental, rather than intentional. Instead, visitors disobey rules and conventions simply because they have no knowledge of them. This situation is expected to be improved with the passing of time when visitors from different countries increase their knowledge of a local culture.   According to the above analysis, we can observe that the increase in the international travel should not be taken as the cause of any conflict that arises between two countries. Alternatively, one should recognize its role in improving mutual understanding between two countries.

近义词表

1. catch-all = all-embracing:包罗甚广的 ;包括一切的  
2. hostility=enmity=resentment:敌意,怨'恨,愤恨
3. rooted in=derived from=based on:基于   
4. entrepreneur=tycoon=mogul=industrialist:企业家,实业家
5. discrepancy=disagreement=difference=divergence:分歧,矛盾
6. foe=enemy=rival:敌人,竟争对手     
7. concrete=tangible=solid:具体的,实际的
8. overtime=in due course=sooner or later:最终,早  
9. resort:胜地;tourist resort:旅游胜地;holiday resort:度假胜地;beach resort:海边度假胜地; scenic spot:景观;place of interest:    旅游景点  
10. repel=revolt=repulse:使厌恶,憎恶     
11. scant=limited=scarce:缺乏的,不足的

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 楼主| 发表于 2016-6-4 17:39:10 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-6-4 17:48 编辑

Topic 30: It is generally believed that education is of vital importance to individual development and the well-being of societies. What should education consist of to fulfill both these functions?  

教育所具备的职能有:  

• 提高学生思考问题(higher-level thinking skills)、分析问题(analytical skills)和单独处事(act independently)的能力,提高个人素质;   

• 加强理论知识学习(theoretical knowledge),增加实践的经验(practical experience),帮助学习者提高就业前景(improve career prospects);   

• 交流学科可以帮助学生提髙社会技能(improve social skills)、交流技巧(hone communication skills)和适应环境的能力(adapt to new environments);  • 体育、营养学等课程可以帮助学生提高身体素质(develop physical fitness),帮助学生养成良好的生活习惯(educate them to lead or maintain a healthy lifestyle};   

• 法律、伦理学等课程有助于提髙学生的道德标准意识(heighten one's awareness of moral standards),使其遵守社会规范(conform to rules accepted by the society),履行责任(assume responsibility);

• 艺术、文学等课程提髙学生对艺术、诗歌和文学的欣赏水平(develop an appreciation of art, poetry and literature )。

范文  

Education is one of the largest items of government spending. It is regarded as the pathway to economic prosperity, an instrument for combating unemployment and the driving force behind scientific and technological advance. Given the importance of education for individuals and society, its scope, constituents and configuration have long been the subject of research, studies and discussion.   
Theoretically, a student is expected to acquire knowledge of a specific subject or profession at school, but throughout the learning process, education should focus on the development of their skills. A successful school leaver should show exceptional abilities to acquire, organize, interpret, evaluate and communicate information when graduate. Similarly, a proficient learner should meanwhile be a resource coordinator and user, proficient in identifying useful resources (such as information and capital) with speed and utilizing them to the full advantage. A qualified student should also possess some other skills, such as problem solving and critical thinking, which are essential not only for their further education but also for their careers later in life.   

When students become knowledgeable and resourceful, they should be equipped with competence that would enhance the transition from school to work. An excellent learner is admittedly important to society, but more important is his or her productivity. Education should absorb new substances and embrace new concepts in order for students to keep in touch with community and have full knowledge of the needs of community. Besides, a school should facilitate the progress of students in every practical field and give them opportunities to try new tasks and take on new roles. By enhancing their hands-on skills and job-related skills, schools can foster students' and society's future development and prosperity.   

When enhancing learners' academic excellence and professionalism, education cannot overlook learners' physical and psychological well-being. In this fast-changing and competitive society, many people are not in good form in coping with stress and health problems. Encouraging students to reduce stress and develop good health habits is therefore important. Sports, for example, function effectively as a health facilitator and as a good stress reducer. These extracurricular activities can be combined with academic activities to boost students' mental health and learning outcomes.   

To conclude, today's students are expected to be versatile, productive and healthy individuals when they finish schooling. With society becoming more specialized and economies demanding more skills, students should focus on both theoretical and practical aspects of education. They should lay a stress on physical activities as well.
  
近义词表  

1. pathway=path=access=entrance:入门,途径  
2. combat=address=tackle=prevent=fight against:对抗,解决
3. configuration=composition=formation=make-up:组成,构成
4. similarly=likewise:类似地      
5. resourceful=ingenious=smart:足智多谋的,聪明的
6. transition=change=changeover:转变   
7. in good form=performing well:表现良好
8. versatile=multitalented=all-round: 多才多艺的,全能的


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 楼主| 发表于 2016-6-3 18:36:22 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-6-3 18:40 编辑

Topic 29: Some findings have revealed that cities around the world are growing large. Could you outline the possible causes and predict consequences?   

城市化的原因:
•人口增加和移民(an unprecedented population growth and migration)造成基础设备不足(devoid of basic amenities),导致原有的基础经费不足,城市条件恶化(urban decay),于是城市居民开 始迁居城外,导致城市的扩展;

•随着经济的发展和家庭收人的提高(strong economy and increasing household incomes),人们 开始喜欢低密度的住宅区(strong preference for lower-density housing);同时,由于人们可以 支付得起汽车等交通的费用(able to afford the automobile),这也使得人们更易迁居城外;  

•城市规划不当(bad city planning)导致道路的建设和基础设施的扩建(construction of roads and the provision of infrastructure)与地区统筹发展不协调(unplanned development),最终使得城市 居民迁居城外。 城市化所造成的影响:  

•环境影响(environmental impact):郊区的景观千篇一律(monotonous suburban landscapes);空 气污染,有害健康(ill-health due to air pollution generated by traffic);  

•社会影响(social impact):城市人口流动增大(high mobility)会导致犯罪率的上升(a surge in the crime rate),人们不会有社区的感觉(sense of community),人与人之间的关系比较短暂 (abbreviated),社区的团结和价值不复存在(loss of community spirit and values);  

•经济影响(economic impact):在郊区建设基础设施导致政府财政压力(adverse fiscal impacts),对基础设施的要求不能够被满足(unmet demand on infrastructure);交通堵塞(traffic congestion )影响工作效率,延误商品和服务的输送(delay the delivery of goods and services)。


范文  

Of those issues that have concerned the government, academics and the public throughout the world, urban sprawl is one of the most prominent. There are conflicting views toward this growing trend. While it has been taken as a positive development in many newly emerging cities, it is increasingly perceived as a threat to rural environment and considered as a trigger for numerous urban problems. The objective of this essay is to evaluate the forces behind this trend and its consequences.   

Population growth is widely recognized as the primary reason. The room in the city centre is so limited that it fails to provide enough housing to accommodate an ever-growing population. Another problem that has intensified in the inner city is infrastructure shortage and poor conditions of buildings. Lack amenities, such as water and electricity supply, waste disposal, swage treatment, to name but a few, has left no choice to urban dwellers but to resettle in the suburbs, where they have easier access to new facilities.   

City dwellers are not always moving outward unwillingly. The continued increase in household incomes gives renewed impetus to urban development. People nowadays have higher expectations for quality of life and a growing appetite for lower-density housing with a larger open space. It is possibly the main reason why the real estate market has its focus now on the outskirts of the city, but not on the centre. In the meantime, the affordability and ubiquity of car ownership has made transport a less serious concern for those living in suburbs. They can commute daily between the place of work and the place of residence with ease.   

The sustained expansion of cities will make a marked impact on the society in several dimensions. The high traffic volume between suburbs and urban areas would cause severe air pollution and reduce the lands suitable for farming. Urban sprawl requires large developments, causing areas to lose some of their unique qualities and characteristics. From the economic perspective, the relocation of a high population in suburbs will pose adverse fiscal impacts on the local government in infrastructure construction. To those who used to live in suburbs, the inflow of new inhabitants would damage the community spirit and make relations between neighbours fragile.   

Urban sprawl is, therefore, a trend which has a strong effect on the environment, communities and government budgeting. When urban decay and citizens' desire for higher standard of living make this trend irreversible, the emphasis should be placed on planned and sustainable development.
  
近义词表  

1. amenity=facility=service :设施,设备,服务   
2. disposal=clearance:处理
3. treatment=handling=dealing:处理  
4. to name but a few=to mention but a few=and so on=and so forth:诸如此类
5. renewed=new:新的         
6. impetus=momentum=thrust=drive=force :推动力
7. quality of life =living standard=the level of comfort and wealth:生活标准,生活质量
8. real estate=property=housing:房地产     
9. outskirt=suburb=the periphery of a city :郊区
10. in the meantime=meanwhile:同时,与此同时   
11. ubiquity=prevalence=popularity:普遍
12. commute=go back and forth:通勤,在两个地方之间来去(常用于上下班)
13. with ease=easily=effortlessly=without much effort=without difficulty: 轻松地
14. marked=noticeable=distinct=manifest: 显著的   
15. inflow=influx=arrival:流入,到来
16. inhabitant=dweller=citizen=resident: 居住者   
17. damage=injure: 破坏
18. irreversible=unalterable:不可扭转的,不可逆转的


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 楼主| 发表于 2016-6-2 17:24:53 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-6-2 17:48 编辑

Topic 28: Some people strongly oppose animal experimentation, believing that it causes pain to animals, while some other people consider it necessary. What is your opinion?

支持把动物作为实验对象的观点:

• 动物不能够进行道德的判断,也不会尊重其他动物的权利(recognize the rights of other species),没有能力做道德上的选择(have no capacity to make moral choices),因此动物比人类低等,不能够等同于人类;

• 人类目前找不到替代动物的实验品(replacements);  

• 动物的神经系统不如人类发达,痛楚已经最小化(minimize pain),而如果在人体上做实验是不人道的 (Vivisection practiced on human beings is inhumane.);动物和人相似 (bear a resemblance to humans),对外部的影响和人类反应类似(respond similarly to external disturbances),因此最适宜做人类的替代品;  

• 人类的利益应该建立在动物利益之上(human interests should be placed above animal welfare), 利用动物做实验有助于科技的发展。  反对把动物作为实验对象的观点:  

• 动物的生存权(the right to life )需要被保护,禁止虐待行为(the prohibition of torture);  

• 很多时候,动物实验的目的只是为了一些商业用途(industrial products),这是不道德的;   

• 动物实验的结果和信息是不可靠的,具有误导性〔unreliable and misleading),毕竟人类和动物有很大的不同(many differences between humans and animals)

范文  

Perhaps no subject in the moral community is as controversial as animal testing. Animals, many people believe, merit more humane treatment. When animal-based experiments have long been the centre of criticism, I am of the opinion that such experiments are essential to both the well-being of human beings and that of animals.

There is little doubt, first of all, that most of the animal-based experiments are conducted for the development of technology and to date, there is little chance of finding satisfying substitutions for animals, Animals are used mainly because they bear a close resemblance to humans, either in behaviour or in cell structure. They respond to external disturbances (such as electrical shock) nearly in the same manner as humans do.

There is much evidence that most of what people know about themselves, including pain, stress, reproduction and nutrition, is based on findings of animal-based experiments. Animal testing proves one of the main approaches to predict the risk when drugs or other products are used on humans.   Another fact to support animal-based experiment is that animals are not the equivalent of humans, and can be used as resources for human purposes. Animals have no capacity to recognize the rights of other species. Nor will they take in consideration the interests of other species. It is possibly one of the main reasons why animals feed on each other. Humans, by comparison, use animal experimentations not only for their own interests but also for the interests of animals. For example, some medical discoveries can be used by veterinary surgeons to give medical care and treatment to sick animals.

Despite the justifications given for vivisection, researchers have the obligation to reduce animal testing and animal suffering. There is a growing recognition that animal tests are mostly done for commercial purposes and most of them are avoidable. For instance, the cosmetic industry has been exploiting animal experimentation simply for diversifying products and maximizing profits. The fewer cosmetic products people use, the fewer animals they have to slaughter. When scientists are empowered to carry out cruel experiments like vivisection, such powers should not be abused.   

To summarize, one can subscribe to the notion that animals can be taken as resources intended for the benefit of humans, although meanwhile it is certain that suffering should be controlled to the minimum during experimentation.

近义词表  

1. merit=deserve:值得         
2. substitution=replacement:替代品
3. resemblance=sameness=similarity:相似     
4. equivalent=counterpart;匹配的人或者物
5. capacity=ability-capability=competence=aptitude=power: 能力
6. feed on=eat=survive on:以…为食      
7. slaughter=kill=massacre=slay=butcher:屠杀,屠宰


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 楼主| 发表于 2016-6-1 15:40:59 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-6-1 15:46 编辑

Topic 27: Many people believe that the human society has developed into a throw-away society, which is filled with plastic bags and rubbish. What are the causes and solutions?  

垃圾增多的原因:

• 人口增长(population growth)导致人们对物质需求的加大,这必定会导致垃圾的增多(the increment of rubbish);

•人们对垃圾可能导致的问题意识不强(awareness of waste issues);   

• 消费者消费过多(over-consume)—次性产品(short-lived or disposable items)。 垃圾处理的方法:  

• 颁布法律严厉控制垃圾任意排放(discharge of refuse);  

• 改良工业生产(modify industrial production),减少资源的使用(reduce raw material inputs);   

• 采取相关垃圾循环再利用措施(disposal and recycling schemes),大力宣传对垃圾的回收和利用,提高人们的环保意识。

范文  

Although waste disposal does not grab a headline as frequently as many other environmental issues do, it does not mean that it is less serious. As a matter of fact, the treatment of garbage continues to be a problem worldwide. Despite its sizable influence, many citizens have not yet realized the seriousness of this issue. It is the goal of this article to outline the potential causes of this problem and suggest possible solutions.   

People should first recognize that the increment in garbage is a natural result of the social and economic development. Unethical businesses are the main creators of industrial waste, including heavy metal, chemicals, plastic, and other durable and non-recyclable materials. People's quest for a better standard of living gives them incentives to manufacture a rich variety of consumer goods and disregard the potential impact on environment. This practice can date back to the earliest days of industrial revolution, producing enormous waste that are unable to be recycled and causing an environmental disaster.   

Another potential reason for the slow progress in waste treatment is people's low awareness of the opportunities to reduce, reuse and recycle waste. Many people do not have a firm stand against over-consumption and excessive production of disposable items. Besides, many citizens are not environmentally conscious, disposing of wastes whenever and wherever they consider convenient. Meanwhile, many manufacturers tend to use virgin materials, rather than recyclable materials in the course of production. That's why many communities are facing a, particularly difficult position in waste treatment.   

The best approach to address waste issues is simply to minimize its generation. It is primarily because the more waste people produce, the more waste they have to cope with. Waste recycling offers another means, although it requires the spontaneous commitment of both businesses and citizens. Additionally, laws should be set out to regulate corporation behaviour and make their operation environmentally friendly.   

It is clear that the problem of waste disposal exists due to people's ever-growing demand for manufactured goods and slow response to the impact of this problem on the environment. Tackling this problem depends not only on individual's effort to keep the waste to a minimum but also on businesses' attempt to optimise their manufacture and reduce the inputs.

近义词表  

1. garbage=refuse=waste=rubbish:垃圾      
2. unethical=immoral:不道德的
3. creator=maker:创造者        
4. quest=pursuit:对…的追求,渴望
5. earliest days=outset =start=onset:开始     
6. recycle=reuse:重新使用
7. awareness=consciousness:意识      
8. stand=stance=position:立场  
9. virgin material=raw material:原材料      
10. set out=lay out=enforce:实施,制定  
11. input=resources used:使用的资源

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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-31 15:20:07 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-5-31 15:49 编辑

Topic 26: Do the positive effects outweigh negative effects, when advertising gains in popularity?  

广告的优点:  

• 传播市场信息(disseminate market information),介绍新产品(inform consumers of new products),让消费者作出正确的选择 (enable a more qualitative choice between products to consumers);

• 不仅鼓励生产商在质量上竞争(encourage competition in quality)、鼓励产品革新(encourage product innovation),而且丰富消费者的生活(enrich their lives)、提高生活质量(improve living standards);  

• 促进产品的销售量(enable greater volumes to be sold),促进经济发展(promote economic development)  广告的缺点:  

• 广告的言语或者图像误导观众(claims or visual images that directly or indirectly mislead the consumer);

• 广告很少提供产品的所有信息(hardly provide full disclosure of product characteristics),滥用消 费者的信任(abuse the consumers' trust),利用他们缺少经验或者知识的特点(exploit their lack of experience or knowledge)去诱导他们购买对自己无用的产品(manipulate them);   

• 广告是一种不受欢迎的强加信息(unwelcome intrusion);

• 由于广告费的原因,广告会增加商品的价格(add to the cost of every product)  

范文  

It has always been difficult to assess the contribution of advertising. This issue is fraught with controversy, with concern being expressed over the harmful effects of advertising. Below are some arguments against this concern.   

It is important to recognize that one of the key functions of advertising is to supply consumers with adequate and accurate information about all of the alternatives available to them. Every now and then, advertising is criticized on the ground that it can manipulate consumers to follow the will of the advertiser; however, evidence supports an opposing view that advertising merely promotes products that are most likely to satisfy consumers' wants. In simple terms, it is consumers rather than advertisers who decide what are advertised.   

Advertising also plays a significant role in fostering full employment and facilitating economic well-being. By conveying marketing information constantly to the target audience, advertising speeds the consumers' acceptance of new goods and technologies. It guarantees the high turnover rate of the manufactured goods and therefore, sustainability of a business. It is also agreed that advertising is one of the main sponsors of a large number of other industries, for example, the entertainment industry― particularly sports, music, and theatrical events.   

Unarguably, advertising is criticized every now and then for misleading the public. However, the rapid development of advertising itself has provided a solution to this problem, as the information delivered to the audiences has made them knowledgeable consumers. Under this circumstance, they can easily distinguish inferior products from quality products with their knowledge. The misleading effect of advertising will be counteracted over time.   

To summarize, advertising suggests what consumers need and contributes partly to economic development. In this sense, advertising is of great value to people and the society. The general perception of advertising as a source of misleading information is in fact a bias.

近义词表

1. fraught with=full of=filled with=burdened with:充满着  
2. manipulate=manoeuvre=operate=influence=harness: 操控,影响
3. will=want=wish=desire:愿望      
4. foster=promote=further=advance=encourage:鼓励,促进
5. inferior=substandard=low-grade:低质量的


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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-28 16:28:53 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-5-28 16:41 编辑

Topic 25: People think that the news media has influenced people's lives nowadays and it is a negative development. To what extent do you agree or disagree?   

新闻媒体的优点:  

• 新闻媒体引起人们对灾难性问题的关注,并敦促相关部门对此釆取具体措施(take measures to tackle the problem);  

• 将有用的信息及时传送给市民(communicate helpful information to concerned citizens);  

• 新闻媒体让人们知道世界上每时每刻发生的事情(keep us informed of what is happening in the world ) 新闻媒体的缺点:  

• 夸大其词(give an exaggerated account of an issue),报道一个并不存在的烕胁(a false threat), 导致惊慌(cause panic);  

• 有牟利的动机(profit motive),希望投资得到最大的回报(maximise return),以市场为中心 (market-driven, obedient to market demands),娱乐消费者(entertain consumers.),强调冲突 {emphasise conflict, dissension and battle);  

• 对别人的隐私不够尊重(not enough respect for the privacy of people )

范文  

For many people, news is a regular part of life. An issue in dispute is whether the massive influence of the news media on people's daily lives denotes a negative development. It is my view that news media does more good than harm to the society.  

The news media provides people with much of the information they need on a timely basis, although there are claims that it reports on issues and events purposely (only selecting those events that interest the audience). Anecdotal evidence shows that people from all walks of life have the habit of collecting information regularly from the news media, including print, broadcast and Internet-based media. Information assists people in decision making. For example, the Free Trade Agreement reached by the Chinese government and its New Zealand counterpart might open up many opportunities to both countries. For any business person, either in New Zealand or in China, failing to recognize and capitalize on this impending change would cause a costly loss.   

Meanwhile it should be recognized that the news media can sometimes save lives and reduce casualties. There is a lot of uncertainty about the surroundings, and people are susceptible to the damage caused by accidents, crimes and natural calamity. The news media conveys the firsthand information to concerned audiences and enable them to take corresponding actions right away. The authority can declare a state of emergency when it is necessary, organize evacuation and distribute aid to the needy areas. All these efforts count on the news media as the messenger.   

Despite their significant and ongoing contribution to the society, the news media might sometimes be harmful to society. It is a convention that the news media exaggerates the magnitude of the real threat (for example, the potential of a terrorism attack), in order to draw the attention of the desired audiences and in pursuit of high audience ratings. It ends up with causing panic among the population. Meanwhile, the news media tends to emphasize some issues or events, which virtually have little relevance to people's daily lives, such as an occasional multiple vehicle accident, an affair that a celebrity is involved with, and the like. It distracts the audience from something that is much more noteworthy, for instance, poverty, environmental problems, to name but a few.   

In summary, the role of news media as an information provider should be acknowledged. In case of emergency, it acts as a lifesaver. However, it is not to say that the news media can give people an overall view of the problems in society all the time.
  

近义词表  

1. denote=indicate=symbolize-represent=signify: 代表,预示,显示
2. capitalize on=take advantage of=make the best of; 很好地利用  
3. impending=imminent=forthcoming=coming=approaching: 即将到来的
4. casualty=fatality=victim:死亡人数      
5. surroundings=environs:周围的环境
6. calamity=misfortune=catastrophe=disaster:灾难   
7. firsthand=immediate:第一手的,及时的
8. corresponding=relevant:相应的,有针对性的     
9. messenger=courier:传播信息的人
10. magnitude=scale=enormity=level:(影响)程度

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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-27 19:00:04 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-5-28 16:42 编辑

Topic 24: Fashion is difficult to follow, and some people argue that we should not follow it. They think that we should dress what we like and feel comfortable. Do you agree or disagree?  

支持追随潮流 (following fashion)的观点:

• 时装是自我表达 ( a means of self-expression)的一种休现,表现人的性格和喜好(reflect one's personality or likes),让人们在生活巾体验不同角色(allow people to try on many roles in life), 同时便世界更加丰富多彩(diversity and variety of the world in which we live);  

• 新时代的时尚(fashion in the new era)并不一定意味着高消费,也并非一定穿某种款式的衣服 才算时尚;

• 时装源于生活(root in daily life),反映生活趋势(reflect that life),充分考虑了消费者的需求 C consider consumer demand),不像人们想的那样肤浅(not as superficial as some people think)  反对追随潮流(following fashion )的观点:  

• 潮流变化太快,盲目追求潮流(follow fashion blindly)是浪费时间和金钱;  

• 失去了自己的喜好和判断(dwell too much on what others think);  

• 鼓励人们将衣服和地位、社会阶层还有财富联系在一起(associate clothing with status, social class and wealth),这是一种歧视。
  
范文

Fashion refers to a style of clothing worn by most people of a country. The growing concern about fashion in recent years comes as no surprise, considering the fact that fashion is very often at odds with the traditional function of clothing, protecting wearers from the extremes of weather. In my opinion, fashion is not a betrayal but an indicative of a principle that wearing clothing is for both functional and social reasons.   

Fashions are linked to personal style. Fashions allow wearers to express emotion and solidarity with other people. People dress to their mood and according to circumstances. Buying fashionable clothes is a process in which the buyer translates his or her self-esteem into a personal style. A fashion indicates one's taste, social class, likes and dislikes. It gives wearers a sense of identity and makes it possible for them to feel connected to society. Fashions are designed and tailored to please buyers. Selecting, discussing and buying fashions can induce immense happiness. It has become a way of life and can be taken as a leisure activity, increasing interaction between people. With all types of images and colours, clothing is capable of giving buyers a desired look, boosting their moods and increasing their self-confidence. Fashion is about change which is necessary to keep life interesting.   

Despite the enjoyment brought by fashions, people should beware of their ever-changing nature and the expenditure of time and money on this commitment. A fashion usually remains popular for about one or two years at most and then is replaced by another. Many people have been obsessed with following the current fashions slavishly and pursuing the clothing with promised quality and limited availability ceaselessly. Many of them are motivated to buy outlandish clothing in a belief that they can thus keep up with fashion and their social positions are displayed.   

As shown above, there is no point in spurning fashion. Fashion is desired in a modern society as a means of expression and a source of enjoyment, although one should reduce unnecessary spending on Fashions.
  
近义词表

1. at odds with=in opposition to=contrary to=against: 和....反
2. induce=stimulate=generate=bring:带来,促成  
3. beware of=be careful of=be cautious about=wary of:对…小心,谨慎
4. at most=to the maximum:最多,最大
5. slavishly=sequaciously;盲从地  
6. outlandish=bizarre=peculiar=eccentric;古怪的,奇异的  
7. spurn=reject=snub=rebuff=scum-disdain=despise=repulse: 反对;拒绝,蔑视



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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-26 16:19:45 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-5-28 16:35 编辑

Topic 23: What are the factors that cause stress and how to cope with stress?  

压力产生的原因:

• 休息的时间不够充足(inadequate leisure time),高压力和快节奏的生活方式(live a high-pressured, fast-paced lifestyle);时间和金钱管理不当(poor time and money management),不能 够同时兼顾家庭和工作(juggle work and family commitments) ; 对—些东西的专注性过高 (addictions),比如赌博(gambling)和股票(stocks);  

• 环境的因素(the environmental factors)、工作(career concerns)、社会关系(social relationships) 和家庭问题(family problems)等;  

• 想法或者对一些事情的态度(比如经济困难、学业困难、慢性病,甚至是小的事情)(thoughts / attitudes toward financial difficulties, academic difficulties, chronic illnesses, minor matters), 性格 (personality),可能有不切实际的期待(unrealistic expectations),对事情的处理方法(interpret events and situations)等 解决方法:  

•养成好的习惯,比如合理的饮食有助于改善自身健康(proper eating contributes to feelings of well-being)、定期运动(exercise regularly);平衡好自己的责任和确立首要的事情(balance obligations and set priorities);  

•习惯自己每天的生活,忽略一些问题的潜在影响(become accustomed to your daily activities and overlook their cumulative effect),养成良好的心态(nurture a good state of mind),争取减少 忧虑(block out worries);要有决断力(be assertive),将生活中的突变看作是正面的挑战,而 不是威胁(positive challenge, not a threat.);  

•平衡家庭生活和工作生活(balance work and family);有闲难要及时寻求别人的帮助(turn to others for support),要处理好和其他人的矛盾(resolve conflicts with other people); 通过体育、 社交活动或者业余爱好来摆脱压力(release yourself from daily stresses with group sports, social events and hobbies):

范文

Life today is filled with sources of stress, much of which cannot be avoided, When stress appears to be a lifelong problem to many people, how it actually forms remains a subject of controversy to many scientists. The objective of this essay is to outline both the sources of stress and appropriate ways of dealing with it.

Many stressors arise from people's circumstances. For example, the high-pressured and fast-paced lifestyle has made it unlikely for people to gain adequate leisure time. Failure to balance work and leisure causes them either to struggle with deteriorating health or to cope with psychological distress, e.g., anxiety and depression. Together with some other problems, such as disharmony with others, unpleasant work or living environment, it would increase stress to an unmanageable level.   

Another group of stressors is intertwined with personality, People interpret events or situations differently. A problem taken as a threat by many people might be accepted as a positive challenge to others, Evidence is inconclusive about the reasons behind this distinction, but it is widely believed that a person of a cheerful disposition is less likely to be heavily affected by adversity. Of equal importance is the ability to handle with some issues, such as time and money. Considering the role of personality in deciding the attitudes toward an issue and responses to an event, the effect of stress management skills actually varies from person to person.   
Methods to cope with stress are many, but the most effective ones are in fact not remote or complicated but accessible and practicable. People under stress are advised to participate more in recreational activities, adopt a sound dieting habit, and exercise regularly. They should learn to block out worries and try to keep the effect of a challenge in life to a minimum. Finally, it is important to nurture a good state of mind and to perceive things positively.   

As suggested above, environment factors can be taken as the sources of stress and people's personality determines the extent to which they are influenced by those factors. Adopting a healthy lifestyle and proper attitudes toward life can promote people's physical and psychological well-being and help them relieve stress.

近义词表  

1. lifelong=lasting=enduring=all-time:永远的,终生的  
2. form=develop=take shape:发展,形成
3. lifestyle=way of life=daily life=everyday life :生活方式
4. unpleasant=disagreeable: 使人不愉'快的,让人厌恶的  
5. unmanageable=uncontrollable:不可控制的
6. interpret=understand=construe:理解,解释   
7. cheerful=positive:乐观的,开朗的 .
8. disposition=character=temperament: 性格,品性   
9. practicable=workable:可以实施的
10. block out二erase=forget=wipe out:抹去,忘记,消除

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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-25 16:25:34 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 ahsre 于 2016-5-25 16:28 编辑

Topic 22: Some people think that changing jobs periodically is good. What is your opinion?


换工作/跳槽(job-hopping )的好处:  

• 目前的工作不能够充分发挥自己的能力(make the best use of one's abilities),也不能够提高技 能和增加经验(improve skills and gain new experience) 换工作(switching jobs)可以发展多种 技能(acquire a wide array of technical skills),丰富个人简历(enhance the resume),提高个人的 市场价值和工作稳定性(improve marketability and job security),有助于收人增加 (pay raise);  

• 竞争激烈,如果不主动增加技术和经验(improve skills and experience levels),稳定的工作机 会就会很少(continued employment will be meagre),很容易在竞争中失利(vulnerable to the competition);就职业生存而言(in terms of career survival),没有高枕无忧的空间(there is no room for complacency);人应该懂得接受挑战,把握机会(take on new challenges and seize opportunities),这才是理智的职业选择(a sound career move);

• 离开目前的雇主(leave the current employer)会绐自己一种新的期待(a sense of anticipation), —种新的学习热情(generate an enthusiasm to learn)。 换工作/跳槽(job-hopping)的坏处:

• 对自己的职业发展弊大于利(do more harm than good to one's career);需要付出努力去适应新 环境(adjust to the new environment),不能够与新同事和上司处好关系(get along well with new colleagues and supervisors),有可能被他们视为威胁(seen as a threat),工作表现不能被轻易认 同(readily being recognised);  

• 频繁转换工作反一个人的低承受能力和对雇主的低忠诚度(reflect badly on the job candidate's resilience and loyalty),缺乏工作动力(lack of self-motivation),没有目标(directionless/aimless), 没有足够时间获得经验和技能(gain experiences and on-the-job skills),因此雇主不愿意聘用 经常换工作的人,担心很快又要重新招聘(restart a new recruiting process)。
   
范文  

In this fast-changing world, job-hopping (leaving the current employer for another employment opportunity) is not a rare scene. Much has been discussed about the gains and losses of such a career move. In my opinion, job-changing is an inevitable step in today's labour market, reflecting the nature of a modem society.   

A new job implies opportunities for career development, an objective many working people intend to achieve. In general, there are two reasons behind a job holder's motive for a new job. The first is that the current job cannot make the best use of his or her abilities. The second is that he or she cannot improve skills and gain new experience. Both can lessen the possibility of a brighter job prospect.   

Job-hopping, meanwhile, assists one to survive the keen competition. People are living in a fast-changing world and a. once stable job is now vulnerable. Willingness to stay on the same job is no longer valued as much as before. Any employee, if complacent about the current employment, would be faced with threats posed by others. By comparison, taking the initiative to obtain a better job can at least drive people to increase skills and thereby improving the chance of continued employment.   When job-hoppers are craving for new chances, some issues are particularly worthy of concern. The first is adjusting to a new environment, such as working with new colleagues and supervisors. Besides, while valuing a job hopper's resume, employers too often tend to suspect his or her loyalty and resilience. It is therefore imperative for every potential jobseeker to learn the new employer better and evaluate the potential risk.   

The above-mentioned facts give one a glimpse of the potential results of changing jobs. When the willingness to change a job and seize an opportunity represents a sound career move and provides the thrust for self-development, it might require a job applicant's extra efforts.


近义词表  

1. inevitable = inescapable= unavoidable:不可避免的   
2. keen=intense=strong=stiff:激烈的
3. vulnerable=in a weak position=defenseless:不稳定的,容易遭受袭击的
4. complacent=satisfied=unworried=contented: 对。。。满意的,放心的
5. chance=possibility=likelihood=prospect: 机会,几率  
6. crave for=long for=desire=yearn for: 渴望
7. resilience=flexibility=resistance: 柔韧性,抵抗力   
8. glimpse=glance=quick look:看
9. thrust=driving force=impetus: 动力

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