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[每日一词] “吸引”如何说?

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发表于 2016-5-6 11:05:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
attract


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vt.吸引; 诱惑; 引起…的好感(或兴趣);


vi.具有吸引力; 引人注意;
{词形变化}{


第三人称单数:attracts过去分词:attracted现在进行时:attracting过去式:attracted


{反义词}
repel  repulse


{同义词}
captivate  draw  fascinate  invite  win 


{词义辨析}
attract allure captivate charm enchant fascinate
这组词的共同意思是“吸引”。它们之间的区别是:
1.从词义上说:attract和captivate是“吸引”; allure是“引诱”; charm、enchant和fascinate是“迷惑使着魔”。
2.从“吸引源”上说:attract和captivate用的是吸引者所具有的性质或特性; allure用的是美丽的、有魅力的东西或有效的手段、美好的前途等; charm、enchant和fascinate用的是符咒或魔法更多的是用魔法般的事物。例如:
Her beauty captivated many.她的美貌吸引了许多人。
The swindler allured her by hopes.这骗子用希望引诱她。
This is a very charming village.这是一座非常迷人的村庄。
The witch enchanted the princess.女巫迷惑了公主。
The boy was fascinated by all the toys in the big department store.这孩子为大百货店里所有的玩具所迷惑。
3.从结果上说:attract指被吸引者有感应; captivate指控制住兴趣或感情; allure指被引诱而堕落或克服某人的抵触情绪或冷漠态度; charm指迷住其感官或心灵; enchant指激起羡慕或使其销魂; fascinate则指无法抵抗或不能逃脱。例如:
He was captivated by Mary.他被玛丽所迷。
Don't be allured into bars by the pretty waitresses.不要被美丽的女招待引诱至酒吧间。
Young children should rather be allured to learning by gentleness and love than compelled to learning by beating and fear.对小孩子应该通过温柔和爱来诱导他们学习而不能用打和恐吓强迫他们学习。
I was charmed with her fine singing.她那优美的演唱使我陶醉。
She was enchanted by the flowers you sent her.你送给她的花她很喜欢。
Snakes are said to fascinate small animals and birds.据说蛇能蛊惑小动物和小鸟。
4.从程度上说:captivate意义最弱只是暂时地吸引而不是长期地控制; enchant意义最强已近乎疯狂。
{短语}
attract a lot of publicity 出尽风头 attract admiring glances 招引钦佩的眼光 attract disapproving comment 引起非议 attract large crowds 吸引大批的民众 attract many onlookers 吸引许多旁观者 attract overseas investors 吸引海外投资者 attract sb's attention 引起注意 attract sb's curiosity 引起好奇心 attract sb's eye 吸引某人的目光 attract tourists 吸引观光者


{英英解释}
Verb:
direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical attributes;
"Her good looks attract the stares of many men"
"The ad pulled in many potential customers"
"This pianist pulls huge crowds"
"The store owner was happy that the ad drew in many new customers"




be attractive to;
"The idea of a vacation appeals to me"
"The beautiful garden attracted many people"




exert a force on (a body) causing it to approach or prevent it from moving away;
"the gravitational pull of a planet attracts other bodies"


{词汇应用}


1.She gave a quiet cough to attract my attention.  
她轻轻地咳了一声好引起我注意。
2.He snapped his fingers to attract the waiter.  
他打了个榧子招呼服务员。
3.The chairperson clapped to attract our attention.  
主席拍手以唤起我们的注意。



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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-26 12:05:49 | 显示全部楼层
这个词原来这么多解释。。。
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发表于 2016-5-27 18:34:39 | 显示全部楼层
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