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每日一词:“升职”、“加薪”英语怎么说?

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发表于 2016-5-6 11:25:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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(一)升职:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->1. <!--[endif]-->promote: to give someone who works in an organization a more important job than the one they had before
例:
The company promotes women and minorities whenever possible. (这个公司一有机会就提升女员工和少数民族员工。)
be promoted
I was promoted today! (今天我升职啦!)
Did you hear that David's been promoted? (听说了吗?大卫升职了。)
promote somebody to something
He was promoted to head coach of the Cincinnati Bengals in 1991. 1991年他被提升为辛辛那提猛虎队主教练。)
He was promoted to senior editor. (他被升为高级编辑。)
The army major was promoted to lieutenant colonel. (这位陆军少校被提升为中校。)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2. <!--[endif]-->promotion: when someone is given a more important job in an organization
例:
Civil service tests determine promotion in government jobs. (在政府部门工作,提升要通过公务员考试。)
There was little chance for promotion within the company. (在这个公司,想要升职希望渺茫。)
She was given a well-deserved promotion. (她升职,是众望所归。)
get a promotion
She got a promotion last year. (她去年升职了。)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->3. <!--[endif]-->make somebody something: to move someone to another job, usually a better, more important one within the same organization
例:
My uncle is in the army. He made major last year. (我叔叔在部队服役。去年,他被升为陆军少校。)
No-one thought they would make him manager so soon after joining the company. (他刚进公司没多久,没人觉得会升他做经理。)
He's been made Head of Security at the Chicago National Bank. (他被任命为芝加哥国家银行的保安队长。)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->4. <!--[endif]-->advancement: when someone moves up to a better, more important job
备注:''advancement''是正式的用法。
例:
Many people are forced to move from one city to another in search of better jobs or career advancement. (人们为了找到更好的工作,或者获得职业晋升,不断辗转于各个城市。)
His advancement to captain came last year. (他是去年被提拔为船长的。)
He is being considered for advancement. (他有望获得晋升。)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->5. <!--[endif]-->move/go/climb up the ladder : to gradually become more and more successful, and get better, more important jobs
备注:或者作''work your way up the ladder''
例:
Education is vital to help these children to move up the career ladder. (文凭对于这些年轻人来说很重要,可以帮他们获得晋升。)
Tom started working for the company at age 18, and slowly worked his way up the ladder. (汤姆18岁起就在这个公司上班,然后慢慢获得提升。)
She worked her way up from the lowest rung on the ladder. (她从最底层做起,慢慢往上爬。)
(二)加薪:
<!--[if !supportLists]-->1. <!--[endif]-->rise: n. an increase in the amount of money you are paid for your work
备注:''rise''是英式英语的用法,美式英语写作''raise''
例:
I asked my boss for a raise. (我要老板给我加薪。)
a raise in salary=a pay raise(加薪)
He received loud applause when he told the crowd that low wage-earners deserve a raise. (他说“低收入者理应得到涨薪”,人们热烈鼓掌。)
give somebody a rise
The State Government simply can't afford to give all teachers a raise. (美国政府无法给所有教师都涨工资。)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->2. <!--[endif]-->hike: n. a sudden increase in something such as prices, wages, or taxes
例:
tax/price/wage etc. hike
a wage hike(涨工资)
Pilots will get an 11% pay hike over four years. (飞行员每4年涨11%工资。)
hike in
Trade Unions are proposing a hike in the minimum wage. (工会提议提高最低工资。)
<!--[if !supportLists]-->3. <!--[endif]-->increment: an amount that is added regularly to someone's pay every year, every six months etc. (定期的加薪)
备注:''increment''是正式的用法。
例:
The contract includes a salary increment every six months. (合同上写着每6个月加一次薪。)

Employees receive an annual increment of three percent. (员工每年涨3%工资。)



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发表于 2016-5-7 10:33:57 | 显示全部楼层
I was promoted today! (今天我升职啦!)
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-5-26 12:03:00 | 显示全部楼层
加薪是什么鬼,楼主我好苦,从来没有过
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发表于 2016-5-27 18:36:28 | 显示全部楼层
3月加薪季
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